Valuation of fixed assets, machinery and equipment in Colombia
In Colombia, there are various methodologies for the valuation of fixed assets, machinery and equipment. Some of them include:
1. Historical cost: This methodology consists of valuing the fixed asset at the price that was originally paid for it. It is one of the simplest forms of valuation and is commonly used for fixed assets that have not undergone large changes in their original value over time.
2. Market value: This valuation technique is based on the current market value of the fixed asset. For this, information on market prices of similar assets and the supply and demand of the market in question are taken into account.
3. Income method: For this valuation technique, the income streams that are expected to be generated with the fixed asset in the future are used. The value of the asset is calculated from a formula that takes into account future cash flows and the interest rate.
4. Replacement cost: This method is based on the replacement value of the fixed asset. Consider how much it would cost to replace the asset, either by purchasing a similar one or by building a new one.
In general, it is recommended to use a combination of these methods to obtain a more accurate valuation of the asset. In addition, it is important to take into account factors such as depreciation, the condition of the asset, the brand and model, and the geographic location, among others, to determine its value in the Colombian market.